VI on Water Security

 

Introduction

Water has always played and continues to play, a central role in human societies. It is an important input to almost all essential productions including agriculture, industry, energy, transport etc. and is vital for the health and wellbeing of all living beings. Once abundant, water is becoming a scarce resource in many parts of the world. Increasing use of water for drinking, irrigation, industrial, energy and environmental needs as a result of population growth, economic development and changing climate, exert pressure on the already dwindling resource. Growing water shortages in many parts of the world are forcing governments to treat water security as a priority issue in their National Planning. As a country which holds an agricultural base economy and is heavily dependent on water resources to maintain its food security and power generation, Sri Lanka needs to put more attention for securing water with proper water management strategy.

By identifying this importance, COSTI has established a Virtual Institute on Water Security with the focus of ensuring the sustainable access to adequate quantities of acceptable quality water for sustaining livelihoods, human well-being, socio-economic development and environmental protection of the country.

Objectives of the VI on Water Security are:

• Identify National Innovation Projects (NIPs) that address critical issues concerning water security in the country;

• Promote integrated water resource management practices at household, provincial and national level through identifying key issues and socio-economically viable solutions;

• Contribute towards better water resource planning through quantification and characterization of water resources;

• Promote the establishment of sustainable policies and strategies for water security through active sector participation; and

• Identify effects of climate change on water security and introduce mitigation and adaptation methods (Initiatives regarding climate change will be dealt collaboratively with the virtual institute on climate change).

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